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  • Издательство: Little Brown & Co
  • Год: 1991
  • Кол-во страниц: 530
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  • Язык: Английский

Содержание (оглавление)

1 Prelude: How Are Hallucinations Possible?
1. The Brain in the Vat
2. Pranksters in the Brain
3. A Party Came CaJJed Psychoanalysis
4. Preview
2 Explaining Consciousness
1. Pandora's Box: Should Consciousness Be Demystified?
2. The Mystery o/ Consciousness
3. The Attractions of Mind Stuff
4. Why Dualism Is Forlorn
5. The Challenge
3 A Visit to the Phenomenological Garden
1. Welcome to the Phenom
2. Our Experience o/ the External World
3. Our Experience o/ the Internal World
4. Affect
4 A Method for Phenomenology
1. First Person Plural
2. The Third-Person Perspective
3. The Method o/ Heterophenomenology
4. Fictional Worlds and Heterophenomenological Worlds
5. The Discreet Charm of the Anthropologist
6. Discovering What Someone Is Really Talking About
7. Shakey's Mental Images
8. The Neutrality of Heterophenomenology
5 Multiple Drafts Versus the Cartesian Theater
1. The Point of View of the Observer
2. Introducing the MuJtipJe Drafts Model
3. OnveUian and StaJinesque Revisions
4. The Theater of Consciousness Revisited
5. The MuJtipJe Drafts Model in Action
6 Time and Experience
1. FJeeting Moments and Hopping Rabbits
2. How the Brain Represents Time
3. Libet's Case of "Backwards Referral in Time"
4. Libet's Claim of Subjective Delay of Consciousness of Intention
5. A Treat: Grey Walter's Precognitive CarouseJ
6. Loose Ends
7 The Evolution of Consciousness
1. Inside the Black Box of Consciousness
2. EarJy Days
Scene One: The Birth of Boundaries and Reasons Scene Two: New and Better Ways of Producing Future
3. Evolution in Brains, and the Baldwin Effect
4. Plasticity in the Human Brain: Setting the Stage
5. The Invention of Good and Bad Habits of Autostimulation
6. The Third Evolutionary Process: Memes and CuJturaJ Evolution
7. The Memes of Consciousness: The Virtual Machine to Be Installed
8 How Words Do Things with Us
1. Review: E PJuribus L/num?
2. Bureaucracy versus Pandemonium
3. When Words Want to Get Themselves Said
9 The Architecture of the Human Mind
1. Where Are We?
2. Orienting Ourselves with the Thumbnail Sketch
3. And Then What Happens?
4. The Powers of the Joycean Machine
5. But Is This a Theory of Consciousness?
10 Show and Tell
1. Rotating Images in the Mind's Eye
2. Words, Pictures, and Thoughts
3. Reporting and Expressing
4. Zombies, Zimboes, and the User IJJusion
5. Problems with Folk Psychology
11 Dismantling the Witness Protection Program
1. Review
2. Blindsight: Partial Zombiehood?
3. Hide the Thimble: An Exercise in Consciousness-Raising
4. Prosthetic Vision: What, Aside from Information, Is Still Missing?
5. "Filling In" versus Finding Out
6. Neglect as a Pathological Loss of Epistemic Appetite
7. Virtual Presence
8. Seeing Is Believing: A Dialogue with Otto
12 Qualia Disqualified
1. A New Kite String
2. Why Are There Colors?
3. Enjoying Our Experiences
4. A Philosophical Fantasy: Inverted Qualia
5. "Epiphenomenal" Qualia?
6. Getting Back on My Rocker
13 The Reality of Selves
1. How Human Beings Spin a Self
2. How Many Selves to a Customer?
3. The Unbearable Lightness of Being
14 Consciousness Imagined
1. Imagining a Conscious Robot
2. What It Is Like to Be a Bat
3. Minding and Mattering
4. Consciousness Explained, or Explained Away?
Appendix A (for Philosophers) Appendix В (for Scientists) Bibliography Index

  Загрузить Dennett D.C. Consciousness Explained

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Consciousness is notoriously difficult to explain. On one hand, there are facts about conscious experience--the way clarinets sound, the way lemonade tastes--that we know subjectively, from the inside. On the other hand, such facts are not readily accommodated in the objective world described by science. How, after all, could the reediness of clarinets or the tartness of lemonade be predicted in advance?
Central to Daniel C. Dennett's attempt to resolve this dilemma is the "heterophenomenological" method, which treats reports of introspection nontraditionally--not as evidence to be used in explaining consciousness, but as data to be explained. Using this method, Dennett argues against the myth of the Cartesian theater--the idea that consciousness can be precisely located in space or in time. To replace the Cartesian theater, he introduces his own multiple drafts model of consciousness, in which the mind is a bubbling congeries of unsupervised parallel processing. Finally, Dennett tackles the conventional philosophical questions about consciousness, taking issue not only with the traditional answers but also with the traditional methodology by which they were reached.

Психологический юмор, анекдоты