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  • Издательство: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate
  • Год: 2004
  • ISBN: 0-8058-2897-4
  • Кол-во страниц: 376
  • Загружен: 12 Feb 2010 08:11
  • Размер файла: 19.78МБ
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  • Нумерация страниц в тексте: есть
  • Соответствие оригиналу: да
  • Статус вычитки: нет
  • Язык: Английский

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Introduction xi
1 Strangers to Ourselves: The Shortcomings 1
of Introspection
Nisbett, R. E., & Bellows, N. (1977). Verbal reports about causal
influences on social judgments: Private access versus public theories.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 613-624.
2 Mythical Memories: Reconstructing the Past in the Present 14
McFarland, C, Ross, M., & DeCourville, N. (1993). Women's theories
of menstruation and biases in recall of menstrual symptoms.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1093-1104.
3 Tahing the Edge Off Adversity: The Psychological 29
Immune System
Gilbert, D. T., Pinel, E. C., Wilson, T. D., Blumberg, S. J., &
Wheatley, T P. (1998). Immune neglect: A source of durability bias in
affective forecasting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
75, 617-638.
4 Believing Is Seeing: Partisan Perceptions of Media Bias 41
Vallone, R. P., Ross, L, & Lepper, M. R. (1985). The hostile media
phenomenon: Biased perception and perceptions of media bias
coverage of the "Beirut Massacre." Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology, 49, 577-585.
5 Frames of Mind: Taking Risks or Playing Safe? 52
Rothman, A. J., Martino, S. C., Bedell, B. T, Detweiler, J. B.,
& Salovey, R (1999). The systematic influence of gain- and loss- framed
messages on interest in and use of different types of health behavior.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 1355-1369.
v
vi CONTENTS
6 Clashing Cognitions: When Actions Prompt Attitudes 64
Festinger, L, & Carlsmith, J. (1959). Cognitive consequences of
forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology,
58, 203-10.
7 Baptism of Fire: When Suffering Leads to Liking 79
Aronson, E., & Mills, J. (1959). The effect of severity of initiation
on liking for a group. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology,
59, 177-181.
8 Taking the Magic Out of the Markers: The Hidden Cost 90
of Rewards
Lepper, M., Greene, D., & Nisbett, R. E. (1973). Undermining
children's intrinsic interest with extrinsic reward: A test of the
'overjustification' hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 28, 129-137.
9 The Calvinisms Conundrum: Unconsciously Engineering 103
Good Omens
Quattrone, G. A., & Tversky, A. (1980). Causal versus diagnostic
reasoning: On self-deception and the voter's illusion. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 237-248.
10 Pitfalls of Purpose: Ironic Processes in Mood Control 114
Wegner, D., Erber, R., &Zanakos, S. (1993). Ironic Processes in
the mental control of mood and mood-related thought. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1093-1104.
11 Familiarity Breeds Liking: The Positive Effects of Mere 127
Exposure
Mita, T. H., Dermer, M., & Knight, J. (1977). Reversed facial images
and the mere-exposure hypothesis. Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology, 35, 597-601.
12 Beneath the Mask: Tools for Detecting Hidden Prejudice 137
Dovidio, J. F., Kawakami, K., Johnson, C, Johnson, B., & Howard,
A. (1997). On the nature of prejudice: Automatic and controlled
processes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 33,
510-540.
13 I Think, Therefore I Act: Priming Intelligence 151
With Social Stereotypes
Dijksterhuis, A., &van Knippenberg, A. (1998). The relation between
perception and behavior, or how to win a game of Trivial Pursuit.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 865-877.
CONTENTS vii
14 What Did You Expect?: The Behavioral Confirmation 162
of the Physical Attractiveness Stereotype
Snyder, M., Tanke, E. D., & Berscheid, E. (1977). Social perception and
interpersonal behavior: On the self-fulfilling nature of social stereotypes.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 656-666.
15 Good Vibes: Insights Into Belief in Mental Telepathy 174
Ayeroff, F., & Abelson, R. P. (1976). ESP and ESB: Belief in personal
success at mental telepathy. Journal of Experimental Social
Psychology, 36, 240-247.
16 The Eye Is Quicker Than the Mind: Believing Precedes 186
Unbelieving
Gilbert, D. T., Tafarodi, R. W, &Malone, P. S. (1993). You can't not
believe everything you read. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 65, 221-233.
17 Going Along to Get Along: Conformity to Group Morms 199
Asch, S. E. (1955, November). Opinions and social pressure.
Scientific American, 31-35.
18 The Unhurried Samaritan: When Context Determines 212
Character
Darley, J. M., & Batson, C. D. (1973). "From Jerusalem to Jericho": A
study of situational and dispositional variables in helping behavior.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 100-108.
19 Who, Me?: The Failure of Bystanders to Intervene 222
in Emergencies
Darley, J. M., & Latane, B. (1968). Bystander intervention in
emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 8, 377-383.
20 Love Thy Neighbor or Thyself?: Empathy as a Source 233
of Altruism
Batson, C., Dyck, J., Brandt, J. R., Batson, J., Powell, A., McMaster,
M. R., & Griffitt, C. (1988). Five studies testing two new egoistic
alternatives to the empathy-altruism hypothesis. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 52-77.
21 Just Following Orders: A Shocking Demonstration 245
of Obedience to Authority
Milgram, S. (1963). The behavioral study of obedience. Journal
of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371-378.
viii CONTENT5
22 Hooded Hoodlums: The Role of Deindividuation 259
in Antisocial Behavior
Diener, E., Fraser, S. C., Beaman, A. L, & Kelem, R. T. (1976).
Effects of deindividuation variables on stealing among Halloween
trick- or-treaters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33,
178-183.
23 The Burglar's Situation: Actor-Observer Differences 268
in Explaining Behavior
West, S. G., Gunn, S. R, & Chernicky, P. (1975). Ubiquitous
Watergate: An attributional analysis. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 32, 55-65.
24 Of Cockroaches and Men: Social Enhancement 280
and Inhibition of Performance
Zajonc, R. B., Heingarter, A., & Herman, E. M. (1969). Social
enhancement and impairment of performance in the cockroach.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 83-92.
25 "We're Number One!": Basking in Others' Glory 289
Cialdini, R. B., Borden, R. J., Thome, A., Walker, M. R., Freeman, S.,
& Sloan, L. R. (1976). Basking in reflected glory: Three (football)
field studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34,
366-375.
26 Ackmians Are From Mars, Orinthians Are From Venus: 300
Gender Stereotypes as Role Rationalizations
Hoffman, C., & Hurst, N. (1990). Gender stereotypes: Perception or
rationalization? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58,
197-208.
27 When Two Become One: Expanding the Self to Include 313
the Other
Aron, A., Aron, E. N., Tudor, M., & Nelson, G. (1991). Close
relationships as including other in the self. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 60, 241-253.
28 The Wrath of the Rejected: Being Shut Out Makes One 326
Lash Out
Twenge, J. M., Baumeister, R. F., Tice, D. M., & Stucke, T. S. (2001).
If you can't join them, beat them: The effects of social exclusions on
aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
81, 1058-

  Загрузить Abelson R., Frey K., Gregg A. Experiments With People. Revelations From Social Psychology

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Скриншот
Welcome! This book provides an opportunity to explore the fascinating, underpublicized, and sometimes misunderstood subject of social psychology.
In it, twenty-eight intriguing studies that throw light on human social thinking and behavior are reviewed. These studies, mostly laboratory experiments, address topics such as people's unawareness of why they do what they do, the tenacity with which they maintain beliefs despite contrary evidence, and the surprising extent to which they are influenced by the social groups to which they belong. The results of these studies help the reader understand many social phenomena that would otherwise remain deeply puzzling, such as the operation of unconscious prejudices, belief in mental telepathy, intense loyalty to questionable groups, the occasional cruelty and indifference of ordinary people, and the nature of love relationships. We chose to ****** each study because, in addition to being ingeniously designed and carefully executed, it raised a question of theoretical significance or addressed a problem of practical importance.



Психологический юмор, анекдоты