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  • Издательство: MIT
  • Год: 2003
  • ISBN: 978-0-262-52302-8
  • Кол-во страниц: 1206
  • Загружен: 05 Jan 2010 10:38
  • Размер файла: Неизвестно
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  • Статус вычитки: текст вычитан
  • Язык: Английский

Содержание (оглавление)

1. Introduction: Treating Consciousness as a Variable: The Fading Taboo
Sample Chapter - Download PDF (75 KB)
I. OVERVIEW
2. Consciousness: Respectable, Useful, and Probably Necessary
3. Consciousness and Neuroscience
II. CONSCIOUSNESS IN VISION
4. Feature Binding, Attention, and Object Perception
5. Effects of Sleep and Arousal on the Processing of Visual Information in the Cat
6. The Role of Temporal Cortical Areas in Perceptual Organization
7. Investigating Neural Correlates of Conscious Perception by Frequency-Tagged Neuromagnetic Responses
8. Temporal Binding, Binocular Rivalry, and Consciousness
9. Disconnected Awareness for Detecting, Processing, and Remembering in Neurological Patients
10. Blindsight in Monkeys
11. Hemisphere Deconnection and Unity in Conscious Awareness
12. Separate Visual Pathways for Perception and Action
13. Consciousness and Isomorphism: Can the Color Spectrum Really Be Inverted?
III. ATTENTION: SELECTING ONE CONSCIOUS STREAM AMONG MANY
14. Strategies and Models of Selective Attention
15. Inattentional Blindness versus Inattentional Amnesia for Fixated but Ignored Words
16. Aspects of a Theory of Comprehension, Memory, and Attention
17. To See or Not to See: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes
18. Function of the Thalamic Reticular Complex: The Searchlight Hypothesis
19. Selective Attention Gates Visual Processing in the Extrastriate Cortex
20. Attention: The Mechanisms of Consciousness
21. Attention, Awareness, and the Triangular Circuit
IV. IMMEDIATE MEMORY: THE FLEETING CONSCIOUS PRESENT
22. The Information Available in Brief Visual Presentations
23. The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information
24. The Control of Short-Term Memory
25. Verbal and Visual Subsystems of Working Memory
26. The Prefrontal Landscape: Implications of Functional Architecture for Understanding Human Mentation and the Central Executive
27. Storage and Executive Processes in the Frontal Lobes
28. Consciousness and Cognition May Be Mediated by Multiple Independent Coherent Ensembles
V. INTERNAL SOURCES: VISUAL IMAGES, AND INNER SPEECH
29. Aspects of a Cognitive Neuroscience of Mental Imagery
30. The Neural Basis of Mental Imagery
31. Experimental Studies of Ongoing Conscious Experience
32. Verbal Reports on Thinking
VI. BELOW THE THRESHOLD OF SENSORY CONSCIOUSNESS
33. Distinguishing Conscious from Unconscious Perceptual Processes
34. The Psychological Unconscious: A Necessary Assumption for All Psychological Theory?
35. Brain Stimulation in the Study of Neuronal Functions for Conscious Sensory Experiences
VII. CONSCIOUSNESS AND MEMORY
36. Memory and Consciousness
37. Conscious Recollection and the Human Hippocampal Formation: Evidence from Positron Emission Tomography
38. Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge
39. Attention, Automatism, and Consciousness
40. When Practice Makes Imperfect: Debilitating Effects of Overlearning
41. The Neural Correlates of Consciousness: An Analysis of Cognitive Skill Learning
42. Availability: A Heuristic for Judging Frequency and Probability
43. Experiences of Remembering, Knowing, and Guessing
44. Measuring Recollection: Strategic versus Automatic Influences of Associative Context
VIII. UNCONSCIOUS AND "FRINGE" PROCESSES
45. The Conscious "Fringe": Bringing William James Up to Date
46. The Fundamental Role of Context: Unconscious Shaping of Conscious Information
47. The Cognitive Unconscious
48. Pain and Dissociation in the Cold Pressor Test: A Study of Hypnotic Analgesia with "Hidden Reports" through Automatic Key Pressing and Automatic Talking
49. Anosognosia in Parietal Lobe Syndrome
50. Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization: A Neurophysiological Context for Unconscious Processes
IX. CONSCIOUSNESS AS A STATE: WAKING, DEEP SLEEP, COMA, ANESTHESIA, AND DREAMING
51. Brain Stem Reticular Formation and Activation of the EEG
52. Anatomical and Physiological Substrates of Arousal
53. On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: An Overview
54. An Information Processing Theory of Anaesthesia
55. Toward a Unified Theory of Narcosis: Brain Imaging Evidence for a Thalamocortical Switch as the Neurophysiologic Basis of Anesthetic-Induced Unconsciousness
56. The Relation of Eye Movements during Sleep to Dream Activity: An Objective Method for the Study of Dreaming
57. The Brain as a Dream State Generator: An Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis of the Dream Process
58. Lucid Dreaming Verified by Volitional Communication during REM Sleep
59. Commentary: Of Dreaming and Wakefulness
X. THEORY
60. Consciousness and Complexity
61. Brain Learning, Attention, and Consciousness
62. A Global Competitive Network for Attention
63. Time-Locked Multiregional Retroactivation: A Systems-Level Proposal for the Neural Substrates of Recall and Recognition
64. Visual Feature Integration and the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis
65. Metaphors of Consciousness and Attention in the Brain
66. How Does a Serial, Integrated, and Very Limited Stream of Consciousness Emerge from a Nervous System That Is Mostly Unconscious, Distributed, Parallel, and of Enormous Capacity?
67. A Neural Global Workspace Model for Conscious Attention
68. A Software Agent Model of Consciousness

  Загрузить Baars B., Banks W., Newman J. Essential Sources in the Scientific Study of Consciousness

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Скриншот
Consciousness is at the very core of the human condition. Yet only in recent decades has it become a major focus in the brain and behavioral sciences. Scientists now know that consciousness involves many levels of brain functioning, from brainstem to cortex. The almost seventy articles in this book reflect the breadth and depth of this burgeoning field. The many topics covered ****** consciousness in vision and inner speech, immediate memory and attention, waking, dreaming, coma, the effects of brain damage, fringe consciousness, hypnosis, and dissociation.

Underlying all the selections are the questions, What difference does consciousness make? What are its properties? What role does it play in the nervous system? How do conscious brain functions differ from unconscious ones? The focus of the book is on scientific evidence and theory. The editors have also chosen introductory articles by leading scientists to allow a wide variety of new readers to gain insight into the field.



Психологический юмор, анекдоты